The thyroid gland produces thyroid hormones, which are important in the normal regulation of the body’s metabolism.
The thyroid cancer is three times more common in women than in men and four main types are distinguished: papillary, follicular, medullary and anaplastic, although it should be noted that the cause of thyroid cancer is unknown and it is not possible to prevent most cases, but certain risk factors have been identified, such as a family history of goiter, exposure to high levels of radiation and certain hereditary syndromes Disease Remedies.
The most common signs and symptoms of cancer thyroid include:
- – A lump or nodule in the thyroid, which can be felt in the front of the neck.
- – Difficulty swallowing or breathing.
- – Pain in the throat or neck.
- -Inflammation of the lymph nodes, especially in the neck.
- -Tos and vocal changes, with hoarseness or difficulty speaking in a normal tone of voice.
The only sure way to know if a thyroid nodule is cancerous is by examining the thyroid tissue obtained or by surgery for a biopsy. A blood test of CEA -an examination of carcinoembryonic antigen-; Physical exam; X-rays; computed tomography; PET scans-positron emission tomography-; ultrasounds and magnetic resonances, can also help to establish a definitive diagnosis.
The surgery is the most common form of treatment for thyroid cancer, which has not spread to other areas of the body. The radiotherapy, chemotherapy and radioactive iodine, are part of the treatment options to treat thyroid cancer. The survival rate and prognosis depends on some factors, including the age of the individual, the size of the tumor and whether the cancer has metastasized.